Urinary Tract Infection is the infection of one or more areas of the urinary system. The urinary system consists of the kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra. Urinary Tract Infection is caused by the presence and multiplication of unwanted bacteria in the urinary tract.
When too much fibrous tissue grows in the retroperitoneal area, which is the region between the stomach and intestines, it results in retroperitoneal fibrosis, also known as Ormond’s disease.
Hypothyroidism is a common endocrine disorder that results from the deficiency of the thyroid hormone. The thyroid gland, when unable to produce a sufficient amount of thyroid hormone into the blood, slows down the body’s metabolism (breakdown of food).
Autoimmune pancreatitis is a rare condition in which the immune system attacks the healthy cell of the pancreas thereby causing inflammation of the pancreas.
Any surgery that results in a break in the skin can cause an infection, despite the numerous safeguards and protocols in place to prevent infection. These infections are known as Surgical Site Infections.
Pertussis, also known as Whooping Cough, is an highly contagious bacterial respiratory infection. It only occurs in humans. Even though the average age of cases is over 6 years old, 10-15% of all pertussis cases in infants under 6 months old occur, and over 90% of deaths occur in this age group.
Noma disease, also known as Cancrum oris, is a rapidly progressing, flesh- eating infection of the oral cavity. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) globally, it has a mortality rate of 90%.
Diphtheria is a serious bacterial infection that is caused by Corynebacterium diphtheriae. This strain of bacteria produces toxins which affects the mucous membranes of the nose and throat.
Prenatal Asphyxia is also known as Birth Asphyxia or Asphyxia Neonatorum. It is a clinical condition that develops when a baby is unable to get enough oxygen during birth.
Dilated cardiomyopathy occurs when there is an enlargement of the heart’s main pumping chamber (the left ventricle). As the disease gets worse, it often spreads to the right ventricle and atria.
Scarlatina, another name for Scarlet Fever, is characterized by a brilliant red rash that covers the majority of the body. Children aged 5 to 15 are most susceptible to developing scarlet fever.
Premature Rupture of Membranes (PROM) occurs when the amniotic sac (the membrane that surrounds the foetus) breaks before the start of labour.
TORCH infections are a range of infectious disorders that might occur during pregnancy, delivery, or after birth. TORCH infections significantly cause neonatal mortality and later childhood morbidity
Puerperal Sepsis, otherwise known as Postpartum Endometritis is one of the main causes of maternal death globally. It is an infection that affects the mother after childbirth.
Febrile seizures, also known as febrile convulsions are common convulsions that occur in children between the ages of 6 months and 3 years. These fits can happen when a child has a fever. Fever is often a result of an infection.
Septicaemia, also known as blood poisoning, is an infection caused by large amounts of bacteria in the bloodstream. It is the body’s most extreme response to infection.
Bladder Outlet Obstruction is also known as Prostatism or Urinary Retention. It is a condition in which there is a blockage at the base of the bladder.
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia is the enlargement of the prostate gland. It is a common condition that occurs as men get older. The prostate is usually about the size of a golf ball in adult men.
Appendicitis is the inflammation of the appendix. It is one of the most common causes of abdominal pain resulting in surgery.
Pyelonephritis is an inflammation of the kidney which is a result of bacteria not being flushed out of the body completely with urine. It is a sudden and life-threatening condition. Pyelonephritis causes the kidneys to swell and may permanently damage them.