Lyme disease, also known as Lyme Borreliosis is a common vector-borne disease which is commonly caused by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi and rarely, Borrelia mayonii.
Hemochromatosis, often known as “iron overload,” is a condition where the body accumulates too much iron.
Typhoid Fever is a life-threatening infection caused by the bacterium Salmonella Typhi. In a report by the World Health Organisation
Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis is also known as Angiocentric Lymphoma. It is a rare precancerous condition which is triggered by the Epstein- Barr Virus (EBV) infection.
Dilated cardiomyopathy occurs when there is an enlargement of the heart’s main pumping chamber (the left ventricle). As the disease gets worse, it often spreads to the right ventricle and atria.
TORCH infections are a range of infectious disorders that might occur during pregnancy, delivery, or after birth. TORCH infections significantly cause neonatal mortality and later childhood morbidity
Puerperal Sepsis, otherwise known as Postpartum Endometritis is one of the main causes of maternal death globally. It is an infection that affects the mother after childbirth.
Septicaemia, also known as blood poisoning, is an infection caused by large amounts of bacteria in the bloodstream. It is the body’s most extreme response to infection.
This is an uncommon type of blood cell cancer that begins from the bone marrow and is slowly progressing. It causes an increase in the number of white blood cells in the blood. Chronic Myeloid Leukaemia is also called Chronic Myelogenous Leukaemia.
Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia is a malignant disorder of the bone marrow that affects white blood cells (mainly the lymphocytes). Bone marrow only releases white blood cells after they are fully developed, but in this condition, it releases a large number of white blood cells that are not fully developed (known as blasts).
Acute Myeloid Leukaemia (AML) is one of the quickest-forming blood cell cancers with a rapid progression. This condition leads to an increase in the number of immature cells interfering with the production of normal red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets.
Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia is a type of cancer of the blood and bone marrow that affects the lymphocytes and progresses slower than any other type of leukaemia. It is common leukaemia in adults but rarely seen in children. Globally, 904,000 people were affected with 60,700 deaths in 2015.
There are many ways of grouping red blood cells based on their differences in antigens (the sugars or proteins that coats the red blood cell surface).
Von Willebrand disease is the most common bleeding disorder. It is an inherited lifelong bleeding condition where a person bleeds more easily than normal and the blood does not clot properly.
Haemophilia is an inherited blood disorder that is characterized by the inability of blood to clot properly. It can lead to excessive bleeding after an injury or surgery.
Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is the most common enzyme deficiency worldwide. This genetic disorder results in an inadequate amount of Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase in the blood. G6PD is a very important enzyme that regulates various biochemical reactions in the body.
This is a condition in which the number of red blood cells or the haemoglobin within the red blood cells is lower than normal. This lack of enough healthy red blood cells leads to the inability of the blood to carry adequate oxygen to the body tissues.
Thalassaemia is an inherited blood disorder that occurs when the body does not produce enough haemoglobin or when it produces abnormal forms of haemoglobin.