Dilated cardiomyopathy occurs when there is an enlargement of the heart’s main pumping chamber (the left ventricle). As the disease gets worse, it often spreads to the right ventricle and atria.
Atherosclerosis is the thickening or hardening of the arteries. This slow, progressive, worsening disease may start as early as childhood, but can also progress rapidly into adulthood. Atherosclerosis can be prevented by maintaining healthy lifestyle habits.
In Nigeria, Ischaemic Heart Disease is one of the major causes of mortality. In 2018, according to the World Health Organization, 108,578 deaths were caused by Ischaemic Heart Disease in Nigeria. Out of 100,000 deaths, 197.37 can be traced to Ischaemic Heart Disease, giving a death rate of 5.60% for this condition.
Sickle Cell Disease is a genetic disorder that occurs when two mutant haemoglobin genes (HbS) are inherited from both parents. It is a medical emergency and was once said to be incurable.