This is a hormone produced in the pituitary gland. It is also produced in the skin, adipose tissues, breasts, brains, uterus and immune cells. It is named prolactin due to the role it plays in lactation (breast growth and milk production). It also functions in promoting the reproductive system, regulating the immune system and influencing behavior.
Follicle-Stimulating Hormone is produced by the pituitary gland during the first half of the menstrual cycle. It stimulates the development of mature eggs in the ovaries, controls the menstrual cycle and increases oestradiol production in females.
Oestrogen is a major female hormone that is produced mainly in the ovaries. Small amounts are also produced in the breasts, adrenal glands and fat cells. During pregnancy, the placenta also produces oestrogen.
The Luteinizing hormone is an important female reproductive hormone produced by the gonadotropin cells in the pituitary gland of the brain.
The female reproductive system is a special system that functions in the production of female egg cells (called ova) that are necessary for reproduction. It also aids the transport of ova to the site of fertilization and produces female sex hormones that maintain the reproductive cycle.