Gonorrhoea is the second most prevalent bacterial sexually transmitted infection (STI) in the world. It is caused by a bacteria known as Neisseria gonorrhoea. Sexually transmitted infections (STI) have a direct effect on reproductive and child health.
Its complications include infertility, cancers, pregnancy complications, pelvic inflammatory diseases, chronic liver condition, low sperm count, azoospermia, premature labour, miscarriage, ectopic pregnancy, birth defects, increased risk of HIV/AIDS and epididymitis.
In 1963, WHO declared Lagos as the highest gonorrhea rate in the world. In 2016, 87 million new cases of gonorrhea was recorded worldwide. According to statista.com, there were 7.5 million cases of gonorrhea in Africa in 2020.
Gonorrhea is acquired everyday through unprotected oral, anal or vaginal sex. In addition, it is transmitted from mother to child during delivery. Risk factors of gonorrhea are unprotected sex, sex tourism, sexual violence (rape), tattoos, body piercings and acupuncture treatments, and sharing of razors, needles or toothbrushes.
Symptoms of gonorrhoea in males include greenish yellow or whitish discharge from the penis, painful or swollen testes, burning sensation when urinating and burning in the throat. Symptoms of gonorrhoea in females are greenish yellow or whitish discharge from the vagina, burning sensation when urinating, lower abdominal pain, spotting after intercourse, swelling of the vulva, conjunctivitis, bleeding between periods, burning in the throat, and painful sexual intercourse.
Gonorrhoea is diagnosed by rectal/ throat/endocervical swab microscopy and culture. A Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) can also be carried out for molecular identification.
Visit MedBioTechLab for your Rectal/ Throat/ Endocervical swab MCS and Molecular tests for early diagnosis of Gonorrhoea..